Chitwan National Park is situated in south central Nepal in the sub tropical lowlands of the inner terai of Chitwan, Makawanpur, Parsa and Nawalparasi districts. It lies between 27°16.56’- 27°42.14’ Latitudes and 83°50.23’-84°46.25’ Longitudes. The altitude ranges from 110m to 850m above sea level. The park is bounded by the Rapti and Narayani River in the north, Parsa Wildlife Reserve in the east and Madi settlements and India border in the south. The physiography of the park consists of the Terai and Siwaliks. Three major rivers Narayani, Rapti and Reu, and their floodplains; and several lakes and pools are the major water sources of the park.
Being the first protected area of Nepal, it has a long history of over three decades in park management and rich experiences in nature conservation. Chitwan was a big game area for the royal families, Rana rulers and their guests. The area comprising the Tikauli forest from Rapti River to the foothills of the Mahabharat extending over an area of 175 km2 was declared as Mahendra Deer Park in 1959. The area south of the Rapti River was demarcated as a Rhino Sanctuary in 1963. It was proclaimed as Royal Chitwan National Park with an area of 932 km2 in 1973. After the peoples’ revolution in 2006, the park’s name was changed to Chitwan National Park.
In recognition of its unique biological resources of outstanding universal value, UNESCO designated CNP as a World Heritage Site in 1984. In 1996, an area of 750 km2 surrounding the park was declared a buffer zone, which consists of forests and private lands including cultivated lands. The buffer zone contains a Ramsar Site – Beeshazari Lakes.
The park and the local people jointly initiate community development activities and manage natural resources in the buffer zone. The government of Nepal has made a provision of plowing back 30-50 percent of the park revenue for community development in the buffer zone.
Annual Bulletin 2067 / 68
In order to download the Annual Bulletin 2067 / 68 , please CLICK HERE.
March 16, 2014
To download the press release issued on the occasion of first birth of a vulture in the Vulture Breeding Center, please CLICK HERE.
March 03, 2014
To download the press release issued by the Department of National Park and Wildlife Conservation on Rhino Zero Poaching: 365 Days and World Wildlife Day, please CLICK HERE.
July 29, 2013
The number of wild tigers living in Nepal has increased by 63% to 198 since 2009, a government survey has shown. more>>>
Aug 28, 2014
Rhino population up.
MAY 05 2015
Rhino population has increased by 111 and reached 645 in the country.The Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation announced this organising a press meeting here at Sauraha, Chitwan today. More>>>>